I came across this hadith on the internet The Prophet (صلّى الله عليه وآله وسلّم) said:"To every Ummah there is a magian and the magian of this ummah are those who reject the Qadr [pre-destination]. If anyone amongst them dies, do not attend their funeral, and if anyone amongst them becomes sick don’t visit them and they are Shia-tul Dajjal and it is the right of God to join them with the Dajjal.” (Sunan Abu Dawoud #4072)
And then I went to Sunan Abu Dawud kitab libas and I could not find this hadith (4072) so I was wondering why? Is it authentic or daaef?.
Praise be to Allaah.
This hadeeth was narrated by Abu Dawood in his Sunan
(4961), Kitaab al-Sunnah, Baab fi’l-Qadar:
It was narrated from Ibn ‘Umar (may Allah be pleased with
him) from the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) that he
said: “The Qadaris (those
who deny al-qadar) are the Magians of this ummah. If they get sick, do not
visit them and if they die, do not attend (their funerals).
It was also narrated by al-Haakim
(286), al-Bayhaqi (21391), al-Tabaraani in al-Awsat (2494),
al-Baghawi in Sharh al-Sunnah (1/78), Ibn ‘Asaakir in Tareekh
Dimashq (19/62), Ibn Abi ‘Aasim in al-Sunnah (268) and others, from the
hadeeth of Ibn ‘Umar (may Allah be pleased with him). It was classed as
saheeh by Ibn al-Qattaan in Bayaan al-Wahm wa’l-Eehaam (5/446) and as
hasan by al-Albaani in Saheeh Abi Dawood and elsewhere. Al-Safaareeni
said in Lawaa’ih al-Anwaar: It is no less than hasan.
The beginning of it was narrated
via numerous other isnaads. Ibn al-Qayyim (may Allah have mercy on him)
Something similar was narrated
from the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) from Ibn ‘Umar,
Hudhayfah, Ibn ‘Abbaas, Jaabir ibn ‘Abd-Allah, Abu Hurayrah, ‘Abd-Allah ibn
‘Amr ibn al-‘Aas and Raafi‘ ibn Khadeej.
End quote from Tahdheeb Sunan
Abi Dawood, 2/347
Al-Bayhaqi (may Allah have mercy
on him) said:
They are called Qadariyyah because
they affirmed al-qadar (power of decree) for themselves but they denied it
for Allah, may He be glorified and exalted. They denied that He created
their deeds and affirmed that for themselves. By attributing some acts of
creation to Him but not others they became like the Magians in their belief
in the two principles of light and darkness and that good is the action of
light and evil is the action of darkness.
End quote from al-I‘tiqaad,
Al-Khattaabi (may Allah have mercy
on him) said: The Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) likened
them to Magians because their views were similar to the views of the Magians
who believe in two principles, light and darkness, and they claimed that
good is the action of the light and evil is the action of darkness, so they
became believers in dualism. Similarly, the Qadaris attribute good to Allah,
may He be exalted, and they attribute evil to someone other than Him, but
Allah, may He be glorified and exalted is the Creator of both good and evil;
neither of them could happen except by His will, so they are attributed to
Him in the sense that He created them and brought them into being, and they
are attributed to the ones who do them of His slaves in the sense that they
commit these actions. End quote.
And Allah knows best.