Thursday, 19 April 2012

Soorat al-Isra’ is also called Soorat Bani Isra’eel

Is Surat Al-Israa also called Surat Banii Israel (Children of Israel)?? if yes, could you tell me why ??.

Praise be to Allaah.
Soorat al-Isra’ is called Soorat Bani Israa’eel in two saheeh mawqoof hadeeths, in which it is the words of the Sahaabah (may Allah be pleased with them): 
The first hadeeth was narrated from ‘Abd-Allah ibn Mas‘ood (may Allah be pleased with him), who said concerning (the soorahs) Bani Israa’eel, al-Kahf, Maryam, Ta-Ha and al-Anbiya’: They are among the best and earliest and they are among the first I received.
Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 4994 
Al-Haafiz Ibn Hajar (may Allah have mercy on him) said: ‘Itaaq (translated above as “best”) is the plural of ‘ateeq, which means ancient, or it may mean everything that reaches the utmost of excellence; the second meaning was preferred by a number of scholars in this hadeeth. 
“and they are among the first I received (tilaadi)” i.e., among that which I memorized a long time ago. Tilaad means long-standing possession; it is the opposite of taarif (recent acquisition). What Ibn Mas‘ood meant was that they were among the first soorahs he learned of the Qur’aan, and that they possess virtue because of what they contain of stories of the earlier Prophets and nations.
End quote from Fath al-Baari, 8/388 
The second hadeeth was narrated from ‘Aa’ishah (may Allah be pleased with her) who said: The Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) used not to sleep until he had recited Bani Israa’eel and al-Zumar. Narrated by al-Tirmidhi, 3402, who said: It is a hasan hadeeth. It was also classed as hasan by al-Haafiz Ibn Hajar in Nataa’ij al-Afkaar, 3/65; and it was classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Tirmidhi. 
The scholars said that this soorah was better known by the name Soorat Bani Isra’eel at the time of the Sahaabah and Taabi’een, because the first verse of Soorat al-Isra’ speaks of the Isra’ (Night Journey) to al-Masjid al-Aqsa, then in the second verse it starts to speak of an important stage in the story of Bani Isra’eel (the Children of Israel) and their mischief in the land, which is not mentioned in any of the stories of Bani Isra’eel anywhere else in the Qur’aan. That is in the passage where Allah, may He be exalted, says (interpretation of the meaning):
“Glorified (and Exalted) is He (Allâh) [above all that (evil) they associate with Him]. Who took His slave (Muhammad SAW) for a journey by night from Al-Masjid-al-Harâm (at Makkah) to Al-Masjid-al-Aqsa (in Jerusalem), the neighbourhood whereof We have blessed, in order that We might show him (Muhammad SAW) of Our Ayât (proofs, evidences, lessons, signs, etc.). Verily, He is the All-Hearer, the All-Seer
2. And We gave Mûsa (Moses) the Scripture and made it a guidance for the Children of Israel (saying): ‘Take not other than Me as (your) Wakîl (Protector, Lord, or Disposer of your affairs).
3. ‘O offspring of those whom We carried (in the ship) with Nûh (Noah)! Verily, he was a grateful slave.’
4. And We decreed for the Children of Israel in the Scripture, indeed you would do mischief in land twice and you will become tyrants and extremely arrogant!”
[al-Isra’ 17:1-4]. 
Al-‘Allaamah al-Taahir ibn ‘Ashoor (may Allah have mercy on him) said: 
In many Mushafs it is called Soorat al-Isra’. Al-Aloosi stated that it is called by this name, because at the beginning it mentions the Isra’ (Night Journey) of the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) and that is the only place where it is mentioned. But at the time of the Sahaabah it was called Soorat Bani Israa’eel, the reason for that being that it mentions things about Bani Isra’eel that are not mentioned in other soorahs, namely their subjugation by those who were given to terrible warfare (cf. 17:4) -- the Assyrians; then their subjugation by another people -- namely the Romans. It is also called Soorat Subhaan, because it begins with this word.
End quote from al-Tahreer wal-Tanweer, 15/5 
See also the answer to question no. 131664 
And Allah knows best. 
Its the responsibility of every Moslem in learning Quran and tajweed and we also must teach our kids Quran and not only the Quran teaching we should let then be aware of the basic of Islam and why it was reviled you bet it was vituperated and verity teaching of holy Quran and with Quranic tajweed we read Quran we can understand better all the replies that are necessitated if we study koran from a qualified Quran tutor he will let you know verity substance of Islam and why koran was reviled for it we should gain the information of the Holy Scripture with there translation and the context of when those verses were reviled and why and that is only potential when we continue with not simply learning quran for beginners but gaining the information of Quran tafseer and one query that we all is required to ask our self that why we all are here in the world to do good acts or to do bad acts to promote correct or to promote incorrect and will we be answerable to any one after this life of not then the query remains the very same that the reasons why we are here in the world but if yes then whom we have to respond is there any Divine All these response can be found when we go deep in to the Quran education do Quran reading and the so let us unite hands to full fill our job.

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